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new_control_mapping_format

This document is a draft for a proposal that has not even begun implementation. It probably will not be implemented for a while.

New control mapping design

Design goals

  • reduce barriers to entry: the easier it is to work with, the more people will contribute high quality mappings. This by itself could grow community. Hopefully, when Mixxx is compatible with a broader range of more common hardware, this will further attract users & developers and lead to overall improvement of Mixxx.
    • do not require programming skills to edit basic mappings
    • easy to program complex functions even for people who have never programmed before. Complex functions include but are not limited to: modifiers, deck toggle buttons, jog wheels, scratching, sending output in response to changes in Mixxx, and soft takeover with customized thresholds
    • no dichotomy of simple mapping vs scripted mapping. Functionality currently specified by <option> tags would be provided by prototype send/receive (or input/output) functions that could be overridden by scripts.
  • straightforward to edit via GUI or manually with minimal boilerplate code cluttering the screen
    • Mixxxcontrols conveniently accessible to scripts, for example, getting & setting Channel1.play.value (or better yet, this.value) rather than engine.getValue('[Channel1]', 'play') & engine.setValue('[Channel11]', 'play', newValue)
    • intuitively organized code
      • inputs and outputs for the same button/knob/slider/whatever organized together rather than separate input/output sections
      • code for various modes toggled by modifiers organized together rather than scattered across many functions
        • functions for handling these signals would manipulate mapping objects rather than having a bunch of different functions each checking the values of global variables or engine states
  • unite MIDI, HID, and keyboard mappings into one coherent API
  • maximum flexibility
  • facilitate bindings to other languages, particularly Python
    • JSON is good for this
    • Could Python be the primary scripting language?
    • Python-Qt bindings: PythonQt, PyQt, PySide
  • communications between scripts that don't require manipulating a Mixxx control
    • Scripts could manipulate the mappings of other devices. For example, if a MIDI controller has one less button than a mapper would like, they could map a keyboard button press to toggle between layers on the MIDI controller.
  • performance better than or equal to current XML/JS format

Possible implementations

  1. objects representing MIDI/HID/keyboard signals with attributes linking them to Mixxx controls
  2. objects representing Mixxx controls with attributes linking them to MIDI/HID/keyboard signals

Maybe have a prototype function that automatically transforms mapping specified by Approach 1 into objects like those in Approach 2? This could allow scripts to override the default function.

Approach 1

MyController.midiMap = {
	{channel: 1, status: 0x90, control: Channel1.play, type: 'button'}
}
 
// The below would not need to be explicitly specified by the mapping; it would be the default MIDI receive behavior for all objects with a type attribute equal to 'button'.
Channel1.play.MyController.receive = function (velocity) {
	if (velocity) {
		this.value = ! this.value // what would be proper JS way to access Channel1.play.value?
	}
}
  • more similar to current XML approach
  • probably easier to adapt existing scripts to (or they might not need any adaptation)

Approach 2

Channel1.play = { midi: { input: { MyController: {channel: 1, status, 0x90} }, output: this.input } }
// Also could be written as:
Channel1.play = {
	input:
		midi: {
			MyController: {
				channel: 1,
				status: 0x90
			}
		},
	output: this.input // Send output with same channel & status with value determined by return value of the send method below
}
 
Object.defineProperties(Channel1.play.output.midi.MyController, {
	get send () {
		if (this.value) { // What would be proper JS to reference Channel1.play.value here?
			return colorCode['green']
		}
		return colorCode['red']
	}
})
  • inputs and outputs organized together

Approach 3

What about a DSL, and some decoupling? User would need to learn the order of arguments for a handful of functions; which would be a very small cost to pay compared to having to learn their names then type them out every time. Being compact conceptually as well as visually, this design is easy to figure out on a basic level even without having to reach for the docs. Obligatory shout out to Eric S. Raymond.

Off the top of my head, here's what the user would write:

Channels[1].controls = [
  MIDI.button([1, 1], 'mixer.kill.hi',  1, 'toggle'),
  MIDI.button([1, 2], 'mixer.kill.mid', 1, 'toggle'),
  MIDI.button([1, 3], 'mixer.kill.lo',  1, 'toggle'),
 
  MIDI.linear([1, 16], 'mixer.eq.hi'),
  MIDI.linear([1, 17], 'mixer.eq.mid'),
  MIDI.linear([1, 18], 'mixer.eq.lo'),
 
  MIDI.encoder( ... ),
 
  OSC.handler('/address/foo', function (...) { ... }),
 
  HID.handler( ... )
];

And Mixxx would in turn provide pre-defined controls (buttons, pots, encoders, jog wheels, etc) and actions (EQ tweak/kill, FX parameter tweak, scrub, loop, etc etc).

Events = new EventEmitter();
Events.on('mixer.kill.hi', function (channel, value) {
  if (value === 'toggle') {
    Channels[channel].hiKill = !Channels[channel].hiKill;
  } else if (value === true || value === false) {
    Channels[channel].hiKill = value
  } else {
    // throw error?
  }
});
 
MIDI = {
  button: function (mask, event /* + optional arg1, arg2 ... argN */) {
    var args = [].slice.call(arguments, 2); // gets list of optional arguments
    return function buttonPressed (midiMessage) {
      if (midiMessage.matches(mask)) {
        Events.emit.apply(Events, [event].concat(args))
        // that was a fancy way of saying `Events.emit(event, arg1, arg2 ... argN)`+
      }
    }
  },
  linear: function (mask, event) {
    var args = [].slice.call(arguments, 2); // gets list of optional arguments
    return function potRotated (midiMessage) {
      if (midiMessage.matches(mask)) {
        Events.emit.apply(Events, [event].concat(args).concat([midiMessage.data2]));
      }
    }
  }
}
 
// at the top of the chain sits a function which
// simply runs every received MIDI message through
// every registered MIDI handler.
Events.on('midi.input', function (midiMessage) {
  Channel1.controls.map(function (control) { control(midiMessage); });
});

Event names can be parameterized too (have one event handler for `mixer.kill.*` and dispatch on event name), see https://github.com/asyncly/EventEmitter2 for one nice implementation.

Translations of this page:
new_control_mapping_format.txt · Last modified: 2015/08/04 14:34 by egasimus