User Tools

Site Tools


library_rewrite_using_sqlite

Library Rewrite Using SQLite

Summary and Rationale

Status: This specification is in drafting. Feel free to add ideas to this page.

This project is already in progress! Check it out on launchpad in the lp:~mixxxdevelopers/mixxx/features_sqlite branch.

Use Cases

  • DJ Bill wants DJ software that has a good library. He's tried Mixxx but its library does not scale to his large collection of music. It is also buggy, and often gets corrupted so he cannot build up quality metadata about his music.
  • Meganerd Roger occasionally mixes music and also has a large collection of Music, all tagged and rated in Exaile (or RhythmBox, etc…). He likes mixxxx, especially since it was how he was introduced to mixing, but the current library cannot get to his metadata so he relies on his player for when he plays music at parties.
  • DJ Minimal does not understand tags or any of that Interweb 2 point O' stuff, but has a well sorted out collection of tagged music. He knows what he needs to mix, but he really needs to be able to sort and search through his library to get at it quickly.
  • DJ DarkPsyPhil programs in C/C++/PHP and Python and also mixes Dark Psytrance. He needs access to as much metadata as he can shake a stick at. His collection of music is pretty big and at this moment varies between MP3, FLAC and WAV. Most, if not all his music is sorted into directories by year and in their respective albums. With all the music he has not all of it is tagged properly but he still needs a quick handle on it.

Design

The current library in Mixxx 1.7.0 leaves a lot to be desired. The design of the new library will aim to bring a significant amount of new functionality for all types of DJs in order to broaden our user demographics and to retain existing users.

Using a database naturally solves the following issues with the current library:

  • Inability of the QList-based TrackCollection to scale well for large libraries (in terms of both CPU time for searching and memory usage)
  • Start-up and shut-down times increasing with larger libraries
  • Inability to perform advanced data manipulation like tagging
  • Inability to sanely deal with playlists :)

These were all problems that were at the core of the old library code, and not only has using a database solved them, but it's opened up a tremendous amount of other possibilities for us. We've also got more flexibility in how we display data in the WTrackTableView widget, as we can now use delegate classes to do cool stuff with very little coding.

More to follow after a discussion on mixxx-devel and a Skype meeting…

Database Schemas

Library Table (as of August 15, 2009)

    CREATE TABLE library (
          id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
          artist VARCHAR(48),
          title VARCHAR(48),
          album VARCHAR(48),
          YEAR VARCHAR(16),
          genre VARCHAR(32),
          tracknumber VARCHAR(3),
          filename VARCHAR(512),
          location VARCHAR(512),
          comment VARCHAR(20),
          url VARCHAR(256),
          duration INTEGER,
          length_in_bytes INTEGER,
          bitrate INTEGER,
          samplerate INTEGER,
          cuepoint INTEGER,
          bpm FLOAT,
          wavesummaryhex BLOB,
          channels INTEGER
    )

Additional Changes to Library Table (proposed)

Field Datatype Comments
+analysis_version integer Version of Mixxx that analysis was last done with (eg. BPM detection). 0 if no analysis done yet.
-cuepoint integer Remove this field! The cue points table deprecates it.

Playlists Table (proposed)

Field Datatype Comments
id integer Primary key
name varchar
date_created date
date_modified date

PlaylistTracks Table (proposed)

Field Datatype Comments
id integer Primary key
playlist_id integer Foreign key from playlists table
library_id integer Foreign key from library table
position integer Position of the track in the playlist

Tags Table (proposed)

Field Datatype Comments
id integer Primary key
tag varchar Name of the tag
library_id integer Foreign key from library table

Cue Points Table (proposed)

Field Datatype Comments
id integer Primary key
library_id integer Foreign key from library table
cue_position integer Sample offset of cue point
label varchar Annotation for cue point

Notes

Classes

TrackSource

Work Breakdown

This work breakdown structure (WBS) will become more detailed as the design above becomes more thorough and complete.

1. New Library
  1.1 SQL-based TrackCollection
    1.2.1 Good table designs
    1.2.2 Creation of tables at runtime
    1.2.3 
  1.2 SQL Relational Table Model
    1.2.1 Threaded wrapper (async queries)
  1.3 Abstraction of Track Sources
    1.3.1 Library track source
    1.3.3 Browse mode track source?
    1.3.4 iTunes track source
    1.3.5 Mixxx <= 1.7 track source?
  1.4 Abstraction of Playlist Sources
    1.4.1 Internal playlists source?
  1.5 Abstraction of Library Features
  1.6 Tagging
  1.7 Triage/Manage View
  1.8 Library (re)scanning

Current Progress

The meat of the project is done. There's still a solid body of work left, but much of it is polish and restoring old features.

From the Mixxx 1.8.0 developer meeting, what Albert has done is:

  • Deleted track.cpp, the source of much pain and misery in our codebase. In other words, I complete ripped out everything to do with the old library code. I also took a sledge hammer to TrackInfoObject, though much of it survived. TIO should be cleaned up an renamed to something sane (like a new Track class) now.
  • Written a new WTrackTableView widget from scratch.
  • Written a new TrackCollection class from scratch, which talks to SQLite through Qt. This class should be renamed TrackDatabase for clarity.
  • Written a new LibraryTableModel class which subclasses QSqlTableModel, which talks to our database. This let's us display our track library using model-view without writing very much code.
  • A bunch of other little things like having the columns resize persistently, making the columns rearrangeable, etc.

From the Mixxx 1.8.0 developer meeting, some of the remaining issues are:

  • rewrite the track editor (right click→properties dialog)
  • searches still block the GUI, make them asynchronous by making introducing some threading into the data models somehow.
  • Library rescanning needs work - Wes Idel sent Albert half a patch to do this in a really nice way. Status of his project is currently unknown though.
  • Playlist support
  • Browse mode
  • tagging
  • abstraction of track sources (e.g. to allow for ipod source)
  • browse mode
  • Cue/loop storage in the DB
  • bling-bling delegates
  • XML migration strategy (is this even worth it?)
  • bulk BPM detection and other library-wide things
  • Figure out memory management for TrackInfoObjects - They must be deleted when they're not being used anymore, but stuff like the analyser queue makes that tricky. (Use smart pointers?)

QA Procedure

Library Scanner

Changes that Occur to Media Library

  • Media file is deleted or moved outside of the Media Library.
    • Verify file shows up in Missing Files section.
  • Media file is renamed.
    • Verify track is re-associated with its metadata upon library scan.
    • Verify no duplicate of the track shows up in the library.
    • Verify that the track does not show up in Missing Tracks section.
    • Verify that playing the file works.
  • Media file is moved to another folder within the Media Library
    • Verify track is re-associated with its metadata upon library scan.
    • Verify no duplicate of the track shows up in the library.
    • Verify that the track does not show up in Missing Tracks section.
    • Verify that playing the file works.
  • Folder in Media Library is deleted
    • Verify all files in the folder and all of its subfolders show up in the Missing Files section.
  • Folder in Media Library is renamed
    • Verify all conditions under “Media File is renamed” step apply to all files in the folder and all of its subfolders.
  • File in Media Library deleted/missing, then is restored
    • Verify track shows in Missing Files upon deletion.
    • Verify track is removed from Missing Files after restore.
    • Verify track is playable after restore.
  • Folder in Media Library deleted/missing, then is restored. (e.g. removable thumb drive)
    • Verify tracks in folder show in Missing Files upon deletion.
    • Verify tracks in folder are removed from Missing Files after restore
    • Verify tracks in folder are playable after restore.

Tuning/Optimization

Team

If you're interested in helping to code this feature, sign up your name below:

  • YOU
  • Albert Santoni
  • RJ Ryan
  • Sean Pappalardo
  • Phillip Whelan
Translations of this page:
library_rewrite_using_sqlite.txt · Last modified: 2010/06/05 06:00 by rryan